### Video Transcript

Determine the indefinite integral

of two to the power of nine 𝑥 with respect to 𝑥.

In this question, we’re asked to

evaluate the integral of an exponential function. And we can note this looks very

similar to one of our integral results. For any positive constant 𝑎 not

equal to one, the integral of 𝑎 to the power of 𝑥 with respect to 𝑥 is equal to

𝑎 to the power of 𝑥 divided by the natural logarithm of 𝑎 plus the constant of

integration 𝐶. However, in this case, our exponent

is not just equal to 𝑥; we have nine 𝑥. So, we can’t just directly apply

this integral result. And there are two ways we can try

and fix this. We could try using the

𝑢-substitution. 𝑢 is nine 𝑥. This would then allow us to rewrite

our integral in this form. However, there’s actually a simpler

method.

We can just apply our laws of

exponents. Two to the ninth power all raised

to the power of 𝑥 will be equal to two to the power of nine times 𝑥. So, we can rewrite our integral as

the integral of two to the ninth power all raised to the power of 𝑥 with respect to

𝑥. Then, our value of 𝑎 is two to the

ninth power. We could now evaluate two to the

ninth power as 512. However, we’re just going to

substitute 𝑎 is equal to two to the power of nine into our integral result. This then gives us two to the ninth

power all raised to the power of 𝑥 all divided by the natural logarithm of two to

the ninth power plus the constant of integration 𝐶. And this can help us see why it’s

useful to leave this as two to the ninth power rather than evaluate.

We can simplify the numerator by

using our laws of exponents, and we can simplify our denominator by using the power

rule for logarithms. First, in the numerator, two raised

to the power of nine all raised to the power of 𝑥 will be two to the power of nine

times 𝑥. Next, in the denominator, the power

rule for logarithms tells us the natural logarithm of two to the ninth power will be

nine times the natural logarithm of two, which then gives us our final answer. The integral of two to the power of

nine 𝑥 with respect to 𝑥 is two to the power of nine 𝑥 divided by nine times the

natural logarithm of two plus the constant of integration 𝐶.