# ENERGY is… the ability to do WORK or cause change WORK is… when a FORCE moves an object a FORCE is… a push or a pull Name 2 things that ARE energy or.

Work, Energy, and Power – Basic Introduction
Work, Energy, and Power – Basic Introduction

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ENERGY is… the ability to do WORK or cause change WORK is… when a FORCE moves an object a FORCE is… a push or a pull Name 2 things that ARE energy or that HAVE energy

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There are two main kinds of energy… POTENTIAL ENERGY STORED energy or Energy that is NOT being used KINETIC ENERGY Energy that IS being used or Energy in MOTION Examples:

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Identify if the object is showing POTENTIAL or KINETIC energy. zzzz P P K K K

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Elastic Potential Energy Elastic potential energy is associated with objects that can be stretched or compressed. Elastic potential energy can be stored in rubber bands, bungee chords, trampolines, springs, an arrow drawn into a bow, etc.

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Gravitational Energy is the energy of position or place. A rock resting at the top of a hill contains gravitational potential energy. Hydropower, such as water in a reservoir behind a dam, is an example of gravitational potential energy. Gravitational Potential Energy

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6 DIFFERENT FORMS OF ENERGY Both potential & kinetic energy come in many forms. Six of the most common ones are: MECHANICAL ENERGY Energy of moving parts THERMAL (HEAT) ENERGY Energy of the heat IN an object CHEMICAL ENERGY Energy in chemical bonds of food, gas, batteries, burning wood etc.

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6 DIFFERENT FORMS OF ENERGY (continued) ELECTRICAL ENERGY Moving electrical charges ELECTROMAGNETIC ENERGY Light energy, X-rays, radio waves NUCLEAR ENERGY Stored in the nucleus of an atom & released when atoms are split or joined together, nuclear reactors, atomic bombs, stars, sun

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Do Now: Use the e-clicker to click in the form of energy the object has. a. electrical energy b. chemical energy c. mechanical energy d. nuclear energy e. electromagnetic energy f. heat energy. (Nuclear power plant ) 1. 4. 3. 2.

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A change from one form of energy to another is called energy conversion. Most forms of energy can be converted into any other form. For example a toaster converts electrical energy to thermal energy. Your body converts chemical energy in the food you eat into the mechanical energy you need to move your muscles. Usually heat energy is also formed in an energy conversion. Energy Transformations Conversions Between Forms of Energy Electrical Energy into Thermal EnergyChemical Energy into Mechanical Energy

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ENERGY CONVERSIONS (ENERGY TRANSFORMATIONS) Energy can be converted (transformed or changed) from one form to another. 1) Food has POTENTIAL CHEMICAL energy. 2) When you eat it, the bonds in the atoms are broken and the energy is released to your cells. 3)Your body CHANGES the chemical energy to KINETIC MECHANICAL ENERGY when you run, jump, write, walk. 4) Finally, your body creates THERMAL (HEAT) ENERGY you can feel because the molecules inside you are moving! For example…

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Think about the energy conversions taking place with a flashlight. Use the flow chart in your notes to show each form of energy that occurs. Batteries Light & Heat Wires CHEMICAL ENERGY ELECTROMAGNETIC ENERGY ELECTRICAL ENERGY

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Label the ENERGY CONVERSIONS in your notes. ELECTRIC PENCIL SHARPENER WIRES GEARS & BLADES electrical energy mechanical energy

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HEATING PAD WIRES HEAT electrical energythermal energy

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PLANT PHOTOSYNTHESIS SUN electromagnetic energy chemical energy Plant changes sunlight and water into sugar (food) for plant!

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Law of Conservation of Energy When one form of energy is converted to another, no energy is destroyed in the process. Energy cannot be created or destroyed, so the total amount of energy is the same before and after any process. All energy is accounted for. Conserving Energy When you hear or read about conserving energy, don’t get confused with the law of conservation of energy. Conserving energy means saving energy, or not wasting it! In Science, energy is always conserved because its total quantity does not change. http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/kids/energy.cfm?p age=about_home-basics

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DO NOW With your elbow buddy: Take the index card from the bin. Keeping the fold up, use two hands to pull the ends out to flatten out the card. Predict what will happen to the card as you let go. Test and then explain your prediction. Use the terms potential and kinetic energy.

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Energy Conversion in a Pendulum A continuous conversion between kinetic and potential energy takes place in a pendulum. At the highest point in its swing, the pendulum has only potential energy. As it starts to swing downward, it speeds up and its potential energy changes to kinetic energy Potential Energy

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Energy Conversion in a Waterfall The water at the top of the falls has gravitational potential energy because it is higher than at the bottom. As the water falls, its height decreases, and loses its potential energy. At the same time, its kinetic energy increases because its velocity (speed) increases. The potential energy is converted into kinetic energy. Kinetic Energy Gravitational Potential Energy

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Review: There are two TYPES of energy: potential and kinetic. Energy can’t be created or destroyed so we need to convert energy we have into what we need. The energy we use comes from many sources: Fossil fuel (coal, oil, natural gas), nuclear power, sun, wind, geothermal, hydropower. Most of this we convert into electricity (electrical energy). There are 6 forms of energy: mechanical, chemical, nuclear, electromagnetic, thermal, electrical. Energy can change from one form into another but is not created or destroyed.

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Do Now: How many people does it take to turn on a light bulb? Where do we get our energy from? How is electricity “made”?

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Do Now: On p. 13, describe what is happening in each panel of my cartoon.

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Where do we get electricity? Energy conversions from fossil fuel: electricity school house rock real life power plant http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=20Vb6hlLQSg

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Electricity from Nuclear energy

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Electricity from hydropower

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Electricity from Wind energy

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Electricity from geothermal

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Electricity from the sun

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