Bond angles chart with Examples

Hybridization of Atomic Orbitals – Sigma \u0026 Pi Bonds – Sp Sp2 Sp3
Hybridization of Atomic Orbitals – Sigma \u0026 Pi Bonds – Sp Sp2 Sp3

Bond angles chart

In this article, we will show the ideal bond angles chart for each type of VSEPR (AXE) notation.

Bond angles chart

The following chart will help you in determining the bond angles for different molecules having varying shapes/molecular geometries according to the VSEPR concept.

VSEPR notation Bond pairs Lone pairs Ideal electronic geometry Molecular geometry Ideal Bond angles Examples
AX2 2 0 Linear Linear 180° BeCl2, CO2
AX3 3 0 Trigonal planar Trigonal planar 120° BF3
AX2E 2 1 Trigonal planar Bent <120° (119°) SO2
AX4 4 0 Tetrahedral Tetrahedral 109.5° CH4, CCl4
AX3E 3 1 Tetrahedral Trigonal pyramidal <109.5° (107.5°) NH3
AX2E2 2 2 Tetrahedral Bent <109.5° (104.5°) H2O
AX5 5 0 Trigonal bipyramidal Trigonal bipyramidal 90°, 120° PCl5
AX4E 4 1 Trigonal bipyramidal Seesaw ax–ax 180° (173.1°), eq–eq 120° (101.6°), ax–eq 90° SF4
AX3E2 3 2 Trigonal bipyramidal T-shape <90° (87.5°), <180° (175°) ClF3
AX2E3 2 3 Trigonal bipyramidal Linear 180° XeF2
AX6 6 0 Octahedral Octahedral 90°, 180° SF6
AX5E 5 1 Octahedral Square pyramidal <90° (84.8º) BrF5
AX4E2 4 2 Octahedral Square Planar 90° XeF4

Also, check the bond angle chart with diagrams.

Bond angle chart with diagrams
VSEPR notation Molecular geometry Ideal Bond angle with diagram
AX2 Linear
AX3

Trigonal

planar

AX2E Bent
AX4 Tetrahedral
AX3E Trigonal pyramidal
AX2E2 Bent
AX5 Trigonal bipyramidal
AX4E Seesaw
AX3E2 T-shape
AX2E3 Linear
AX6 Octahedral
AX5E Square pyramidal
AX4E2 Square Planar

Also check –

Also check – AXE notation in details

AX3E2 molecular shape, bond angle, hybridization, polarity.
AX4 molecular shape, bond angle, hybridization, polarity.
AX4E molecular shape, bond angle, hybridization, polarity.
AX4E2 molecular shape, bond angle, hybridization, polarity.
AX3 molecular shape, bond angle, hybridization, polarity.
AX2E2 molecular shape, bond angle, hybridization, polarity.
AX2E molecular shape, bond angle, hybridization, polarity.
AX2E3 molecular shape, bond angle, hybridization, polarity.
AX3E molecular shape, bond angle, hybridization, polarity.

Download the high-quality image of the bond angle chart.

FAQ

What is a Bond angles chart?

The bond angles chart contains data for each VSEPR notation. Using this data, we can predict the ideal bond angle for a molecule. For instance, let’s say the VSEPR notation is AX2E2 –

According to Bond angles chart data –

What does VSEPR notation represent in the Bond angles chart?
The VSEPR notation in the bond angles chart is denoted as the AXE formula where A represents the central atom, X denotes the number of bonded atoms to the central atom, and E represents the number of lone pairs on the central atom.

About the author

Vishal Goyal is the founder of Topblogtenz, a comprehensive resource for students seeking guidance and support in their chemistry studies. He holds a degree in B.Tech (Chemical Engineering) and has four years of experience as a chemistry tutor. The team at Topblogtenz includes experts like experienced researchers, professors, and educators, with the goal of making complex subjects like chemistry accessible and understandable for all. A passion for sharing knowledge and a love for chemistry and science drives the team behind the website. Let’s connect through LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/vishal-goyal-2926a122b/

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